"We know from the research that it supports brain development," Ngarupe said, and students also develop Air Force Shoes For Girls 2018
Student scores on standardized, English Air Force Low
Bard teacher Lisa Walthall, Jackson's mother, said she has noticed students' social routines changing, too. English learners are gaining more confidence, and both groups are now more likely to play together.
About four years ago, the school had failed to meet federal test score standards and was labeled "a program improvement" campus, meaning it could face sanctions if it continued to lag. "We wanted to exit and stay out of program improvement," McCloskey said.
"We were looking at what research shows us about how students acquire language," she said, "and also looking at the state's accountability system."
"The jury is still out long term," McCloskey said. "But I think it's a good starting place."
More than 200 programs are offered in California public schools, including four in Ventura County, according to state records. The oldest started in the Ventura Unified School District nine years ago.
Since then, schools in Camarillo, El Rio and Port Hueneme have developed dual immersion programs. Both Camarillo and Ventura's programs have expanded into middle school, and more elementary campuses are expected to add two way immersion in the next several years.
Teaching students in Spanish began to disappear in California public schools after voters approved Proposition 227 in 1998, which banned bilingual education unless parents ask for an exemption.
In dual or two way immersion programs, English learners and English speakers are evenly represented in the classroom, and students learn two languages unlike some bilingual programs that use only students' native languages until they master English.
All the local programs are offered in Spanish and English, and classes are split evenly between native English and native Spanish speakers. The schools differ, however, in some aspects, including the amount of time students in the programs spend learning in each language.
Instructors were team teaching students, one in Spanish and one in English a collaboration McCloskey said has been shown to raise academic achievement. Also, the kindergarten day was extended into the afternoon.
Bard met its state and federal targets, staying out of program improvement. Both English learners and native English speakers in the program posted high scores.
Christine McCloskey. When the school planned its program, state tests were part of the discussion.
language programs popular at county schools
When Jackson started in the school's new two way immersion program three years ago, he spoke one language, English. Now, the 8 year old said, "I can speak both."
In one, the second grader at Bard School in Port Hueneme hears, reads and speaks only in English. When he moves to the other room, everything is in Spanish, from his teacher's instruction to the posters hanging on the walls.
"a much broader multicultural perspective."
The immersion program at Bard School in the Hueneme School District didn't have the luxury of waiting for scores to go up later, said Principal Nike Air Force Red Low
The Rio School District's program at Rio Real School uses a 90 10 model, too. In Camarillo, however, the charter school uses a 50 50 approach, partly because families wanted their students to have more English earlier on, Ngarupe said.
Research shows both models are effective. Shawna Wagstaff, however, said she thinks Montalvo's program helped her son Christian's fluency, because it immersed him in Spanish from the start. Neither she nor her husband, both teachers, speaks Spanish.
The popularity of two way, or dual immersion, programs has ballooned in Ventura County and the nation in recent years as school officials look for ways to support academic achievement and teach a second language to both English speakers and students still learning to speak English.
The school decided on a 50 50 immersion approach, and to teach students literacy skills in their native language in kindergarten and first grade. In second grade, students start receiving formal literacy lessons in the second language.
Montalvo School in Ventura chose a "90 10 model" for its two way immersion program, she said, where students are taught 90 percent of the time in Spanish and 10 percent in English in kindergarten. The percentage of English increases each year until the fifth grade, when it's an even split.
Parents must choose to enroll their children in a two way immersion program. In Ventura County, the programs have waiting lists of both Nike Air Force 1 High Ultra Flyknit English learners and English speakers. Families want their kids to learn a second language while keeping their first language, said Jennifer Robles, a bilingual program specialist.
"I think the growth speaks to the fact that parents and educators recognize the benefit of biliteracy," said Superintendent Linda Ngarupe of University Charter Schools at CSU Channel Islands. The charter program began offering a dual language program when it opened University Preparation School in 2002.
"He was always very, very bright. He adjusted well, and you saw the benefits right away," Wagstaff said.
language tests sometimes lag when compared to those in traditional classrooms for the first few years. Later in elementary school, however, scores can start climbing, matching and exceeding those in other programs.
When test scores came back, McCloskey said, "I did not expect the growth that we saw."
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