1924 (IRAQ) British Forces retake Sulaimaniya.
1957 (SYRIA) 250 Kurdish children die in an arson attack on a cinema. It is blamed on Arab nationalists.
(IRAN) The same day, Massoud Barzani is born in Kurdish Republic of Mah?b?d.
January 1946 (IRAN) The Kurdish Republic of Mah?b?d is established as a Kurdish state, with backing from the Soviet Union. The short lived country encompasses the city of Mah?b?d in Iran, which is largely Kurdish and near the Iraq border. However, Soviets withdraw the same year and the Republic of Mah?b?d collapses.
June 1975 (IRAQ) Former KDP Leader Jalal Talabani, establishes the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). The following year, PUK takes up an armed campaign against the Iraqi government.
Portions of the region are recognized by two countries: Iran, where the province of Kordestan lies; and northern Iraq, site of the autonomous region known as Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) or Iraqi Kurdistan.
dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, with Turkey renouncing rights over certain areas in Asia and North Africa. It calls for the recognition of new independent states, including an autonomous Kurdistan. It is never ratified.
August 16, 1946 (IRAQ) The Kurdish Democratic Party of Iraq (KDP) is established.
a treaty. Iraq gives up claims to the Shatt al Arab waterway, while Iran agrees to end its support of the independence seeking Kurds.
former Ottoman Empire sign and ratify the Treaty of Lausanne, which recognizes Turkey as an independent nation. In the final treaty marking the conclusion of World War I, the Allies drop demands for an autonomous Turkish Kurdistan. The Kurdish region is eventually divided among several countries.
Kurdish People Fast Facts
July 24, 1923 (TURKEY) The Allies and the Brown Nike Air Force 1 Low
1923 (IRAQ) Former Kurdish Governor Sheikh Mahmud Barzinji stages an uprising against British rule, declaring a Kurdish kingdom in Sulaimaniya in northern Iraq.
1943 1945 (IRAQ/IRAN) Mustafa Barzani leads an uprising, gaining control of areas of Irbil and Badinan. When the uprising is defeated, Barzani and his forces retreat to Kurdish areas in Iran and align with nationalist fighters under the leadership of Qazi Muhammad.
Kurds were mostly nomadic until the end of World War I and the break up of the Ottoman Empire.
November 3, 1918 (IRAQ) With the discovery of oil in the Kurdish province of Mosul, British forces occupy the region.
1958 (IRAQ) After Iraq's 1958 revolution, a new constitution is established, which declares Arabs and Kurds as "partners in this homeland."
1961 (IRAQ) KDP begins a rebellion in northern Iraq. Within two weeks, the Iraqi government dissolves the Kurdish Democratic Party.
1958 (SYRIA) The government formally bans all Kurdish language publications.
March 6, 1975 (ALGERIA) Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran sign Grey Air Force 1 Low
March 1970 (IRAQ) A peace agreement between Iraqi government and Kurds grants the Kurds autonomy. Kurdish is recognized as an official language, and an amendment to the constitution states: "the Iraqi people is made up of two nationalities: the Arab nationality and the Kurdish nationality."
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